CCPA Report: Saskatchewan’s public liquor system superior to Alberta and B.C. private retailers

Authors conclude that the privatization of liquor stores in Alberta and the partial privatization in B.C. have resulted in higher prices, lower revenues for government and increased social harms in comparison to Saskatchewan’s public system. 

Regina (01 Nov. 2012) - Saskatchewan’s public liquor system is superior to both Alberta and British Columbia’s private liquor delivery system in terms of price, revenue generation and the mitigation of social harm. That is the conclusion of a new collaborative report by the Saskatchewan office of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives and the Parkland Institute.

Impaired Judgement: The Economic and Social Consequences of Liquor Privatization in Western Canada, authored by University of Alberta public finance economist Greg Flanagan and Parkland Public Policy Research Manager David Campanella, is a comparative study of liquor systems in Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia.

The authors conclude that the full privatization of liquor stores in Alberta and the partial privatization in British Columbia have resulted in higher prices, lower revenues for government and increased social harms in comparison to Saskatchewan’s public system. Some of the highlights of the report include:

  • In a price comparison of beer, wine and spirits in the three provinces, B.C.’s private stores had the highest price on 11 of 13 products surveyed, while Alberta’s private stores were the second costliest. Saskatchewan and British Columbia’s public stores had the lowest prices among the 13 products surveyed;
  • Since privatization, Alberta has forgone nearly $1.5 billion in tax revenue. In contrast Saskatchewan’s per capita liquor revenue has increased over the same time period;
  • Public stores consistently demonstrate higher compliance rates than private stores in regards to sales to minors or intoxicated patrons. In B.C., public stores had an average compliance rate of 70 per cent compared to only 35 per cent for private stores;
  • After the 1993 liquor privatization in Alberta, Edmonton police reported double the amount of offences for minors in possession of alcohol;
  • A public monopoly allows communities to control the density of liquor stores in their neighbourhoods. In contrast, liquor store density in B.C. after partial privatization increased 56.83 per cent, while density in Alberta increased 72.18 per cent post-privatization. In contrast, Saskatchewan’s liquor store density has actually decreased 11.10 per cent in the past decade;
  • A public monopoly also allows for the greater regulation of low-price, high alcohol-content products marketed to youth; and
  • A 2011 study by the Centre for Addictions Research for British Columbia, University of Victoria, found that each additional private liquor store per 1,000 residents 15 years and older increased local alcohol mortality by 27.5 per cent in B.C. between 2003 and 2008.

In Alberta and British Columbia, liquor retail privatization has meant high liquor prices but low government revenue. Further, the increased availability of alcohol and its lax regulation contravene recognized methods for protecting public health. In light of Premier Brad Wall’s comments on moving Saskatchewan to a hybrid private/public model along the lines of British Columbia, these social and economic consequences of liquor privatization must be front and centre in any debate over the future of public liquor delivery in Saskatchewan.

The Saskatchewan Office of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives was opened in March 2002. It monitors social and economic development in the province and presents thoughtful alternatives to the limited perspectives of business research institutes and government agencies.

Research projects and publications from the Saskatchewan Office have addressed issues such as: health care; K-12 and post-secondary education; environment; mega hog barns; provincial budgets; youth and unions; agriculture; public services and crown corporations; food charters; and tax cuts.

More information:

Impaired Judgement: The Economic and Social Consequences of Liquor Privatization in Western Canada

Executive Summary - Impaired Judgement: The Economic and Social Consequences of Liquor Privatization in Western Canada

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