The first comprehensive national study in a decade on where and how climate change will impact Canada provides dramatic evidence of the costs of climate change and the need for urgent action, say representatives of the Climate Action Network Canada- Réseau action climat Canada.
Ottawa (18 March 2008) - The Natural Resources Canada report entitled, From Impacts to Adaptation: Canada in a Changing Climate 2007 had seen its expected release date pushed back by several months, but was quietly posted on the government's website late Friday, March 7th after media stories leaked details obtained from interviews with some of its key authors.
A similar report assessing climate change impacts on US infrastructure, was also quietly released on Wednesday March 12th. Whether US and Canadian governments think these are not significant reports or whether they are trying to downplay the urgency of the issue – both reports make it clear that neither government is taking enough action on mitigation or preparation for the impacts.
The Natural Resources Canada report presents a region-by-region portrait of the impacts of greenhouse gas pollution on Canadian life and the environment today and over the course of this century. A few of the report's findings:
- Humans run the real risk of triggering processes in this century that will inevitably lead to “potentially cataclysmic surprises” in the next;
- Canadians will experience greater economic and social impacts at the local and regional levels than national or global scale analyses predict;
- Water quality and quantity will decline on a seasonal basis in every region of Canada. Prairie drought will become the norm.
- Drought is responsible for 6 of the 10 most costly events in Canadian history. The national 2001-2002 drought cost about $5.8 billion and more than 41,000 jobs;
- Excluding drought, short-term costs from nine extreme weather events between 1991 and 2005 totalled over $10 billion;
- Climate-related impacts will create significant challenges for maintaining biodiversity in Canada's protected areas;
- We have the knowledge necessary to start undertaking adaptation activities in most situations now.
“The government has said repeatedly that it respects the science of climate change,” said Emilie Moorhouse, Sierra Club Canada. “If that's true, then this report leaves the government no choice but to change course and radically strengthen its discredited climate strategy to prevent the worst impacts of global warming.”
Every independent analysis of the government's April 2007 “Turning the Corner” report has concluded that its policy measures are too weak to reach its targets. Further, government MPs have spent the last two sessions of the House of Commons environment committee filibustering a private member's bill that would set science-based climate targets for Canada.
“According to the federal Environment Commissioner, Canada still lacks a national strategy to adapt to the impacts of climate change,” said John Bennett, ClimateforChange.ca. “This report shows exactly how vulnerable Canada is to the effects of global warming. An adaptation strategy that protects Canada's environment and economy must become a government priority.”
"Worrisome as it is, the scenario described in this report is a best-case scenario," said David Coon, Conservation Council of New Brunswick. "If countries like Canada don't replace their business-as-usual policies with a real plan to tackle greenhouse gas pollution aggressively, the consequences could be far more catastrophic than those described in this report."