“Bill C-43 clearly contravenes Canada’s international human rights obligations. Governments have a legal responsibility to make sure all people in Canada have access to basic needs." — Leilani Farha, executive director of Canada Without Poverty.
Ottawa (30 Oct. 2014) — Canada Without Poverty and the Canadian Council for Refugees (CCR) expressed their deep dismay at provisions in Bill C-43, the omnibus budget bill that could lead to newly arrived refugees being deprived of social assistance.
Conservatives target refugees in new omnibus budget bill
I’m thinking of the pregnant women and the mothers with small children who arrive in Canada knowing no one, having fled persecution in their country of origin,” said Loly Rico, CCR president. “They will soon be accepted as refugees and become contributing members of society, but when they first arrive, they desperately need a helping hand. Denying that helping hand would be contrary to who we are as a country.”
Provisions in Bill C-43 would allow provinces to impose residency requirements for access to social assistance for refugee claimants and other people without permanent status in Canada. Currently, the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act prohibits any minimum period of residency requirement for access to social assistance benefits.
Newly arrived refugee claimants could therefore be left without any means to survive, at precisely the time when they are most vulnerable. It takes several months before refugee claimants have access to a work permit. Shelters for people who are homeless, social service agencies, faith communities, and private individuals will be left with the unmanageable challenge of providing for a very vulnerable group that includes children who have recently experienced torture or other forms of persecution.
“Bill C-43 clearly contravenes Canada’s international human rights obligations. Governments have a legal responsibility to make sure all people in Canada have access to basic needs. This bill not only restricts that access, it does so by targeting a particular group of already marginalized people, namely refugee claimants,” said Leilani Farha, executive director of Canada Without Poverty.
Canada abandoning its obligation by removing refugee's access to basic needs
As a signatory to the Refugee Convention, Canada has legal human rights obligations towards refugees who seek asylum in our country. Both the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights also require that Canada ensure everyone’s basic needs are met, without discrimination.
According to Canada Without Poverty, the U.K. House of Lords ruled in 2005 that a similar restriction on access to social assistance amounted to “inhuman and degrading treatment” in violation of the European Convention on Human Rights, by denying “even the barest necessities of life” to some refugee claimants (ex parte Adam). In July 2014, the Federal Court of Canada drew on the U.K. case in finding that the Canadian government’s cuts to refugee health care constituted cruel and unusual treatment in violation of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
The National Union of Public and General Employees (NUPGE) is one of Canada's largest labour organizations with over 340,000 members. Our mission is to improve the lives of working families and to build a stronger Canada by ensuring our common wealth is used for the common good. NUPGE